Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel Riqueti, count de

(1749-1791)
   orator, political figure
   The son of the economist victor riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, Honoré, Gabriel Riqueti, count of Mirabeau was born in Le Bignon, Loiret. Known for his remarkable intelligence and passionate, even violent nature, he was little attached to his family and was forced into a military career in 1767. He had a stormy youth and was several times imprisoned by lettres de cachet arranged by his father. Thus, after his liaison with the young sophie, the wife of the marquis de Monnier, with whom he fled to switzerland and then to the Netherlands, Mirabeau was confined to the château of Vincennes (1777-80), where he wrote the famous Lettres à Sophie (published in 1792) and his Essai sur les lettres de cachet et les prisons d'État (1782). Upon his release, he wrote pamphlets denouncing royal absolutism and its privileges and abuses. Given a diplomatic mission to the court of Berlin (1786), he published, on his return, De la Monarchie prussienne sous Frédéric le Grand (1787), and Histoire secrète sur la cour à Berlin, which, when the identity of its author was revealed, caused a scandal (1789). Embracing the ideas of the period and becoming a supporter of constitutional monarchy, Mirabeau was a member of a Masonic lodge and of an abolitionist society (Amis des Noirs). He made contact with the duke d'orléans (philippe égalité), whom Mirabeau undoubtedly for a time saw as replacing louis XVI on the throne. A delegate to the Estates General, then to the National Assembly, he played a decisive role in the early events of the revolution of 1789, establishing freedom of the press with his Courrier de Provence, and being celebrated for his famous reply to the royal messenger (June 23, 1789), "If you have orders to remove us from this hall, you must also get the authority to use force, for we shall yield to nothing but bayonets." Mirabeau vigorously defended the principles of the Revolution, taking part in the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, and proposing to the National Assembly that the property of the church be put at the disposal of the nation. Mirabeau wished to play the role of intermediary between the king and the assembly, a role that was officially recognized (November 7, 1789). After this, Mirabeau distanced himself little by little from the revolutionaries and defended the royal prerogatives and sought to maintain the king's right to the royal veto and his right to declare war and make peace. in both cases, he was only partially successful. introduced to the royal court, Mirabeau began to play the role of a secret adviser (1790), bringing issues important to the king to the assembly, while at the same time upholding the Revolution's principles. Although accused of treason by some deputies, Mirabeau upheld his reputation and his popularity and was elected president of the National Assembly in January 1791. He died, however, shortly afterward. His personal writings include Œuvres oratoires (posthumous); Correspondence entre le comte de Mirabeau et le comte de La Marck (posthumous).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel Riqueti, count de — orig. Honoré Gabriel Riqueti born March 9, 1749, Bignon, near Nemours, France died April 2, 1791, Paris French politician and orator. Son of the economist Victor Riqueti (1715–89), he suffered his father s disfavour; often imprisoned for… …   Universalium

  • Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel Riqueti, comte de — ▪ French politician and orator Introduction born March 9, 1749, Bignon, near Nemours, France died April 2, 1791, Paris  French politician and orator, one of the greatest figures in the National Assembly that governed France during the early… …   Universalium

  • Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau — Portrait of Mirabeau President of the National Constituent Assembly In office …   Wikipedia

  • Gabriel — /gay bree euhl/, n. 1. one of the archangels, appearing usually as a divine messenger. Dan. 8:16, 9:21; Luke 1:19, 26. 2. Islam. the angel of revelation and the intermediary between God and Muhammad. 3. a male given name. * * * I In the Bible and …   Universalium

  • Honoré — (as used in expressions) Balzac Honoré de Honoré Balssa Daumier Honoré Victorin Fragonard Jean Honoré Giraud Henri Honoré Marcel Gabriel Honoré Mirabeau Honoré Gabriel Riqueti count de Honoré Gabriel Riqueti * * * …   Universalium

  • count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name …   Universalium

  • Mirabeau, Victor Riqueti, marquis de — (1715 1789)    economist    Born in Pertuis, Vaucluse, Victor Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau was a representative of the Physio cratic theory of economics (see François quesnay) and author of L Ami des hommes ou Traité sur la population (1756). He… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Mirabeau — /mir euh boh /; Fr. /mee rddann boh /, n. Honoré Gabriel Victor Riqueti /aw naw rdday gann brddee el veek tawrdd rddeekeu tee /, Count de, 1749 91, French Revolutionary statesman and orator. * * * …   Universalium

  • Mirabeau — Mi•ra•beau [[t]ˈmɪr əˌboʊ[/t]] n. big Honoré Gabriel Victor Riqueti, Count de, 1749–91, French Revolutionary statesman and orator …   From formal English to slang

  • French literature — Introduction       the body of written works in the French language produced within the geographic and political boundaries of France. The French language was one of the five major Romance languages to develop from Vulgar Latin as a result of the …   Universalium

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